LASER ASSISTED PERIODONTAL FLAP SURGERY
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a major health concern that continues to negatively affect the oral health of infants and children today.
- Early Childhood Caries is defined as the presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries) or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a preschool-age child between birth and 71 months of age. The term "Severe Early Childhood Caries" refers to "atypical" or "progressive" or "acute" or "rampant" patterns of dental caries.
- child's teeth are susceptible to decay as soon as they begin to erupt. Early childhood caries is an infectious disease. There are many aspects of early childhood caries; baby bottle tooth decay is recognized as one of the more severe manifestations of this syndrome.
- Scheduling the child's first dental visit. It is advantageous for the first visit to occur within six months of eruption of the first tooth and no later than 12 months of age, and
- Receiving oral health education based on the child's developmental needs (also known as anticipatory guidance).
ROLE OF BACTERIA
Because cariogenic bacteria (especially mutans streptococci) are transmitted soon after the first teeth erupt, decreasing the mother's mutans levels may decrease the child's risk of developing ECC. The Association recommends that parents, including expectant parents, be encouraged to visit a dentist to ensure their own oral health.
BOTTLE FEEDING :
- Unrestricted and at-will intake of sugary liquids during the day or while in bed should be discouraged.
- Infants should finish their bedtime and naptime bottle before going to bed.
USE OF A CUP
Children should be encouraged to drink from a cup by their first birthday
- Proper oral hygiene practices, such as cleaning an infant's teeth following consumption of foods, liquids, or medication containing fermentable carbohydrates, should be implemented by the time of the eruption of the first tooth.
- A child's teeth should be periodically checked at home according to the directions of the dentist.